Began to start blockchain



I think smart contract will give demand of employment to us the developer.

Just Do it

So I tried the following example.


mkdir practice-dapp && cd $_
yarn init -y
yarn add solc --save
yarn add web3@0.20.6 --save
mkdir contracts script
touch contracts/Voting.sol script/vote.js

create contracts/Voting.sol

pragma solidity ^0.4.18;
// We have to specify what version of compiler this code will compile with

contract Voting {
  /* mapping field below is equivalent to an associative array or hash.
  The key of the mapping is candidate name stored as type bytes32 and value is
  an unsigned integer to store the vote count

  mapping (bytes32 => uint8) public votesReceived;

  /* Solidity doesn't let you pass in an array of strings in the constructor (yet).
  We will use an array of bytes32 instead to store the list of candidates

  bytes32[] public candidateList;

  /* This is the constructor which will be called once when you
  deploy the contract to the blockchain. When we deploy the contract,
  we will pass an array of candidates who will be contesting in the election
  function Voting(bytes32[] candidateNames) public {
    candidateList = candidateNames;

  // This function returns the total votes a candidate has received so far
  function totalVotesFor(bytes32 candidate) view public returns (uint8) {
    return votesReceived[candidate];

  // This function increments the vote count for the specified candidate. This
  // is equivalent to casting a vote
  function voteForCandidate(bytes32 candidate) public {
    votesReceived[candidate] += 1;

  function validCandidate(bytes32 candidate) view public returns (bool) {
    for(uint i = 0; i < candidateList.length; i++) {
      if (candidateList[i] == candidate) {
        return true;
    return false;

create script/vote.js

const fs = require('fs');
const solc = require('solc');
const Web3 = require("web3");


function sleep(ms = 0) {
  return new Promise(r => setTimeout(r, ms));

async function main(err, blockchain) {

  // you should run ganeche in advance
  const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider("http://localhost:7545"));

  // check the accounts
  const accounts = web3.eth.accounts;

  // start compiling
  const code = fs.readFileSync('./contracts/Voting.sol').toString();
  const compiledCode = solc.compile(code);
  const abiDefinition = JSON.parse(compiledCode.contracts[':Voting'].interface);
  const byteCode = compiledCode.contracts[':Voting'].bytecode;

  // start deploying
  const VotingContract = web3.eth.contract(abiDefinition);
  const deployedContract =
    { data: byteCode, from: web3.eth.accounts[0], gas: 4700000 }

  // in deploying
  while (!deployedContract.address) {
    console.log("wait a minute...");
    await sleep(1000);

  // done deploying

  // start voting
  const contractInstance =

  // show the votes. it's just view function so no use gas. It does not occur transaction.
  let result ='Rama');

  // occur transaction 
  contractInstance.voteForCandidate('Rama', {from: web3.eth.accounts[0]});
  contractInstance.voteForCandidate('Rama', {from: web3.eth.accounts[0]});
  contractInstance.voteForCandidate('Rama', {from: web3.eth.accounts[0]});
  result ='Rama').toLocaleString();

Important point

We have to specify web3 version. The command yarn add web3 will install vertion 1.0. But it's not unstable yet And there is a document for web3@0.2.x following the links.